Oaxaca is a test of and a testament to the spiritual reserve of the Mexican people.
Its roots can be traced as far back as seven thousand years and is the historic home of the Zapotec and Mixtec indigenous peoples, influential groups, which grew up in the relative isolation of the state and flourished until the arrival of the Spanish.
The first of the Spanish was Francisco Orozco in 1521, who claimed the land in the name of Hernan Cortes whom had been deeded the territory as a prize for his conquest of New Spain.
Oaxaca gained prominence in the colonial era due to its ideal location as gateway to Central and South America, as well as its rich, verdant landscape, intricate textiles and rumored gold mines.
Oaxaca has also given birth to many historical luminaries who helped shape the course of Mexican history, two of the most notable being Benito Juárez and Porfirio Díaz.
Benito Juarez was a Mexican politician and statesman of the late nineteenth century. The only full-blooded indigenous person to hold the presidency in Mexico, he served for five terms in the turbulent years of 1858 to 1872, and has been called the father of the modern Mexican nation.